Reading is an amazing process. It helps us get meaning from print. When it comes to reading for kindergarten, children should be taught, among other things, to read words and sounds. For the purpose of achieving understanding, children should be able to distinguish between different sounds of oral and written language. To be able to decode and improve reading comprehension skills, children should also have concepts of print, some knowledge about printed letters, and relationships between sounds and symbols. In this post, we will try to help parents and teachers to find effective strategies for teaching their kindergarteners how to read.
A “balanced literacy” approach to reading has become popular with many teachers and parents. But, while taking this approach, you need to consider some important things. In this approach, teachers work on the alphabet and letter sounds. An orderly progression of explicit lessons in phonics is delivered regularly. This approach can do wonders for your child reading for kindergarten. Gradually, children become confident and competent readers. Then students are encouraged to discover the beauty of literature and nonfiction. Students continue to build up their reading comprehension through spelling tests, word study and story analysis.
As a kindergarten teacher, you always have to make sure that your students are engaged. Teaching reading for kindergarten students is can fun, but this endeavor can be challenging. The human brain always craves optimal challenge. If your instructions are well, your student will discover the thrill or reading, she will find joy in knowing new things, and understand that there is joy in expression. According to recent studies, children learn more when they can relate to what they read in their books.
Another motivation for literacy instructions is to develop children’s emotional intelligence. Literacy is all about sharing ideas, stories and information. Make sure your student develops respect, empathy, patience, confidence and problem solving abilities. If reading for kindergarten is geared toward rigorous academic instruction, the outcome may not be pleasant.
Reading aloud with a child is a great way to encourage emergent literacy. When working with a child in kindergarten, at least a part of each session should be spent reading aloud. Saying words and turning pages are not enough. Your child will feel excited if you express your excitement about the settings, pictures, stories and characters. Reading for kindergarten can be really fun if you do it in the right way. If your guidance is appropriate, within a short time your child will learn the meanings of most of the words and start enjoying the story. Some important parts of read-aloud sessions are talking about pictures, discussing events of stories, and asking your child how the story relates to your child’s real-life experiences. Here is a checklist that summarizes the strategies of reading aloud:
Choose a book that you think your child will find interesting. Think about your child’s tastes and experiences. Most children are visual learners. So it is a good idea to choose books with beautiful pictures. It may sound a bit counterintuitive, but choose a book which is slightly above your child’s vocabulary level. Make sure that it is not too easy for your child to read the book. The goal of reading for kindergarten should be an attempt to help your child come out of his or her comfort zone. Make sure the book contains lessons in poetry and folk tale. Do not make the mistake of imposing anything. Allow your child to choose books. Your child will always have some familiar and favorite books. Repeat those books often.
To be able to point out clues in the pictures and the information, try to examine the illustrations of the book. Before you read the story to your child, read it alone. To be able to fit the characters and the plot, try to vary your voice. It is a good idea to imitate a cartoon character. Talk with your child about the story, and ask her what she thinks about the characters. Your reading for kindergarten will be more effective if you know a story before reading it with your child.
Before you start reading a story, try to talk about the author or illustrator. If you have read other books by the same author, talk about the author. Ask your child what he thinks about the illustration. Ask her to read the title. Give your child an idea of the type of the book. The story may be realistic, make-believe, folk tale or true. Talk with your child about the setting and characters of the story.
To make sure that your child understands what is happening in the story, stop frequently and ask questions. If something is a bit confusing, rephrase it. When you find a new word, explain the meaning. Encourage your child to predict what is going to happen in the story. Reading for kindergarten is more effective when your child becomes absorbed in the content of the book. Talk to your child to know whether he has developed an interest in the story and its characters. To enhance your student’s enjoyment of the story, use the props. Read the rhymes, words and phrases to your child as many times as possible. As you read sentences, move your finger under the sentences.
After you have finished reading the story, ask your child to see if she can recall the story. Relating the story to your child’s personal experiences is a good idea. Ask your kid what she would have done if he were a particular character in the story.
A good approach can significantly improve your child’s ability to read. To teach a child to read well, you need to focus on some components of reading. Help your child practice these components and she will become a good reader.
The first component is phonemic awareness. An early reader must be able to recognize sounds to create words. Make sure your student is able to hear sounds in words.
The second component is phonics, which is all about understanding the relationships between spoken sounds and written letters. Children can easily decode new words and recognize familiar words automatically when children have the knowledge of phonics.
The third essential component of reading is fluency. It is important to read text quickly and accurately. To be able to understand content, children must read it rapidly. Fluent readers can recognize words automatically when they read silently. Kindergarten reading requires this ability. Weakness in fluency slows down a student’s speed of reading.
The fourth component is vocabulary development. The more words a student knows, the more he is likely to understand different types of text. Reading for kindergarten requires an understanding of the written forms of spoken words.
And the fifth essential component for reading for kindergarten years is reading comprehension. It involves understanding, remembering and communicating what students read. Students become active readers when they develop reading comprehension.
As you work through these steps, consider checking out some of the best reading programs for kids to help you move your child more smoothly from one stage to the next.
To encourage your child’s or student’s literacy, talking is a very effective way. When you talk with your child, she can easily use her creativity, increase her vocabulary, express ideas and develop thinking skills. It also helps your child understand the relationships between written and oral forms of language. Talk with your child as often as possible—when she reads, writes and plays. When you walk together, ask sincere questions and allow her time to think and respond. Start conversations with your child about anything that may help her in any way.
If you are a kindergarten teacher, you may feel tempted to be buddies with your student. But besides being a friend, you must make your students understand who their leader is. Set a clear tone early and your students will respect you. Communicate confidence, use strong body language and speak firmly and clearly. But bear in mind that speaking with an assertive voice does not necessarily mean being harsh. From the get-go, set boundaries, consequences and expectations. You are responsible for guiding their lives. That is why being assertive to some extent is a good thing.
Start teaching your kindergartener how to take responsibility. If you set the bar high, your child will somehow rise to the point. Make room for some independence. Children can take responsibility for their actions in many ways. Teach your students that keeping the classroom clean is their own responsibility. Gradually he will learn to take responsibility for not only reading for kindergarten courses but also his own life.
Pay attention to what your kindergartener says, answer patiently, and ask further questions. Intimacy has a positive impact on a child’s learning. Your child will develop confidence and empathy if you spend time together. She will feel loved and it will boost her self-esteem. If you spend time with your child, she will mirror your behavior. Spending time together is good for your child’s reading for kindergarten lessons. Spending time together is also a good way to understand your child’s strengths and weaknesses. This knowledge will help you make important decisions regarding your child’s education.
Do not rebuke your kid when she plays and makes messes. Allow her to blow bubbles, plant a garden and with a pet. These activities actually have a positive impact on your child’s academic progress. Let children be as they are. Kindergarten is supposed to be a period when children can nurture their hearts, form friendships and strengthen their social skills.
The bottom line is, your child will eventually learn to read. But if you want to teach your child or student early, do not be harsh. Be strategic and help early learners discover the joy of reading.
Check out the reading program that is teaching children to read as young as two years old!Learn More
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